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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Special Education and the Law Elizabeth S. Rorick, J.D. Senior Policy Strategist PTA Legislative Conference March 10, 2010
,Agenda IDEA Background and History
The Rights of Parents Transition Planning National PTA Policy Recommendations ,Background and History Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Main federal program authorizing state and local aid for special education and related services for children with disabilities.
Requires states to provide a free, appropriate public education (FAPE) to children with disabilities so that they can be educated to the greatest extent possible along with all other children. Created to help states and school districts meet their legal obligations to educate children with disabilities, and to pay part of the extra expenses of doing so. Today, approximately 6 million children currently receive special education services. ,Background and History Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1980s 1986: Part C (Infants and Toddlers) was developed as part of the law
,Background and History Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 1990s 1990:Transition planning was introduced as a requirement. 1997: Congress authorized grants for parent trainings. Congress provided a disputeresolution process for parents who file grievances with their S/LEAs, thereby strengthening the role of parents in their child’s education.
,Background and History Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 2000s 2004: President Bush signed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act, a major reauthorization that worked to remove the barriers separating special education from general education.
,Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Free appropriate public education (FAPE) to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.
no cost to the parent. meets state education standards. consistent with your child’s Individualized Education Program (IEP). ,What is Special Education? Set of services, rather than a specific place for your child to go. The general education classroom is considered the least restrictive environment or LRE for most kids. Most special education students spend the majority of the day in general education. “Push in" or "pull out" support from the special education staff.
,What is Special Education? IEPs are mostly implemented in the general education classroom.
Besides instruction in general education, other options for receiving special education services may be considered special classes,
special schools, home instruction, and instruction in hospitals and institutions. ,IDEA Part B vs Part C Part B: Section of IDEA that refers to children ages 3-21 who are eligible to receive special education services. Section 619 is the preschool grant available to states for providing educational programs for children ages 3-5 who are eligible to receive special education services.
Part C: Section of the IDEA that refers to infants and toddlers who are eligible to receive early intervention services. ,Differences in Service Part C Primarily home or community based
Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) Services based upon families planning priorities Part B Primarily school-based, or in a community setting
Individualized Education Plan (IEP) Services based on areas of need resulting from a student’s disability ,Parental Involvement Provisions under IDEA Create and preserve constructive relationships between parents and schools.
Ensure parent involvement in planning and decision making. Assist parents to develop skills they need to participate effectively in the education and development of their children. Support parents as participants within partnerships. Help overcome economic, cultural, and linguistic barriers to full parent participation. ,Parents have the right to… Informed Consent: Each LEA must obtain inform